Market Outlook - June 2023
Momentum is a measure of an object's motion and is determined by its mass and velocity. Let’s assume that the US economy is an ocean liner, and that the Federal Reserve’s monetary policy and level of interest rates is the force that is applied to slow or quicken the speed of this enormous ship. Even if the engines of the ocean liner are put into full reverse, its momentum, at first, will still push it forward. Of course, it will begin to slow, but it will take time for the entity to come to a complete standstill and even longer to move into reverse. The US economy works similarly with monetary policy and the level of interest rates as the engines that build or reduce momentum across the economy. This explains why the US economy, and certain components of that economy, such as the jobs market, can seem initially to defy the economic brakes applied by the Federal Reserve. Yet, it is inevitable that if the brakes are left applied, the economy will come to a complete standstill and, indeed, most likely will go into reverse if not lifted.